Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte – Capoeira

Mestre Bimba

Manuel dos Reis Machado

Todo capoeirista tem seu mestre, ao qual deve respeito e obediência, recebendo em troca alem de lições de Capoeira, um exemplo de vida, um legado de experiências que é ouvido atentamente pelos discípulos a o fim de cada roda.
Porém, houve na Bahia, no início do século, um Mestre muito especial, Mestre Bimba, que é hoje cultuado e respeitado por todos, que revolucionou a chamada Capoeira Tradicional, e criou a Capoeira Regional, difundida pelos quatro cantos do Brasil e do mundo.
Mestre Bimba era capoeirista completo, admirado até mesmo pelos seus adversários. Mestre Bimba era bom de jogo, gingava como ninguém, tocava o berimbau com uma destreza insuperável, era excelente cantador, alem de conhecer tudo o que se referia a cultura afro-brasileira.
Manoel dos Reis Machado, Mestre Bimba, nasceu na Bahia em 23 de novembro de 1900, filho de dona Maria Martinha do Bonfim e do campeāo de Batuque (luta de golpes descequilibrantes), Luiz Candido Machado.
Sua iniciação na capoeira foi na Estrada da Boiada, hoje bairro da Liberdade, em Salvador (BA). Foi discípulo de Mestre Bentinho, um africano que era capitāo da Companhia de Navegaçāo Baiana. Em 1932, Mestre Bimba, fundou a primeira academia especializada em Capoeira, no Engenho Velho de Brotas, bairro em que nasceu, na época, já havia desenvolvido seu próprio método.
Em 1937 foi registrado como professor de Educaçāo Física e em 1939 ensinava a “Regional”, no quartel da CPOR. Inaugurou a sua segunda academia em 1942. Por sua eficiência, seu método foi considerado o mais prático e perfeito, por isso ultrapassou fronteira e ficou conhecido mundialmente.
Em 1973 Mestre Bimba mudou-se para Goiâna, onde faleceu, um ano depois, vítima de derrame cerebral.

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Manuel dos Reis Machado

All capoeirista have their master, which they should respect and be obedient to, so as to receive in return not only practical lessons in Capoeira but also an example of life and a legacy of experience. The disciples listen to these teachings carefully at the end of each roda.
However, at the beginning of the century, there was in Bahia a very special Master, Mestre Bimba, who revolutionized the so called “Traditional Capoeira” creating the “Capoeira Regional” which was spread to the four corners of Brazil and the world. Nowadays Mestre Bimba is now worshiped and respected by all capoeiristas.
Mestre Bimba was a complete capoeirista, admired even by his opponents. He was very good in playing, he used to make ginga as anyone else and to play the berimbau with an unsurpassed skill. He was an excellent singer, besides, he knew all that was referring to african-Brazilian culture.
Manoel dos Reis Machado, Mestre Bimba was born in Bahia on November 23 1900, son of Maria Martinha do Bonfim and of Luis Candido Machado, the champion of the Batuque (a fight made by destabilizing scams).
His first contact with the capoeira was in the Estrada da Boiada, today known as the neibourhood Liberdade, in Salvador (BA). He was a disciple of Master Bentinho, captain of the Shipping Company from Bahia. In 1932 Mestre Bimba founded the first academy specializing in Capoeira, in the “Engenho Velho de Brotas”, the neighborhood where he grew up. At the time, he had already developed his own method.
In 1937 he was registered as a physical education teacher and in 1939 was teaching the “Regional” in the Reserve Officer Training Corps headquarters. He opened his second academy in 1942. For its efficiency, his method was considered the most practical and perfect, that’s why it crossed the border and became known worldwide.
In 1973 Mestre Bimba moved to Goiâna, where he died of a stroke a year later.

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Manuel dos Reis Machado

Όλοι οι capoeirista έχουν τον δάσκαλο τους τον οποίο πρέπει να σέβονται και να υπακούν ώστε να λάβουν σε αντάλλαγμα όχι μόνο πρακτικά μαθήματα στην Capoeira αλλά και ένα παράδειγμα ζωής και μια κληρονομιά εμπειρίας. Οι μαθητές ακούν αυτές τις διδαχές στο τέλος κάθε roda. Παρ’ όλα αυτά, στις αρχές του αιώνα, υπήρχε στην Μπαΐα ένας πολύ ιδιαίτερος Δάσκαλος, ο Mestre Bimba, ο οποίος ανέτρεψε τη λεγόμενη «Παραδοσιακή Capoeira» δημιουργώντας την «Capoeira Regional» η οποία εξαπλώθηκε στις τέσσερις άκρες της Βραζιλίας και του κόσμου. Στις μέρες μας, όλοι οι capoeiristas λατρεύουν και σέβονται τον Mestre Bimba.
Ο Mestre Bimba ήταν ένας ολοκληρωμένος capoeirista που τον θαύμαζαν όλοι οι αντίπαλοι του. Ήταν πολύ καλός στο παιχνίδι, έκανε ginga όπως όλοι οι άλλοι και έπαιζε το berimbau με αξεπέραστη δεξιοτεχνία. Ήταν εξαιρετικός τραγουδιστής, και επιπλέον, γνώριζε τα πάντα για τον Αφρο-Βραζιλιάνικο πολιτισμό.
Ο Manoel dos Reis Machado, ο Mestre Bimba γεννήθηκε στη Μπαΐα στις 23 Νοέμβρη του 1900, γιος της Maria Martinha do Bonfim και του Luis Candido Machado, πρωταθλητή του Batuque (είδος πάλης).
Η πρώτη του επαφή με την capoeira ήταν στην Estrada da Boiada, γνωστή σήμερα ως τη γειτονιά Liberdade, στο Σαλβαδόρ. Ήταν μαθητής του Master Bentinho, επικεφαλής της Ναυτιλιακής Εταιρείας από την Μπαΐα. Το 1932, ο Mestre Bimba ίδρυσε την πρώτη ακαδημία εξειδικευμένη στην capoeira στο «Engenho Velho de Brotas», στη γειτονιά όπου μεγάλωσε. Εκείνη την εποχή, είχε ήδη αναπτύξει τη δική του μέθοδο.
Το 1937, εγγράφηκε ως καθηγητής φυσικής αγωγής και το 1939 δίδασκε την «Regional» στα κεντρικά των εκπαιδευτικών σωμάτων Εφέδρων Αξιωματικών. Άνοιξε τη δεύτερη ακαδημία του το 1942. Λόγω της αποδοτικότητας της, η μέθοδος του θεωρήθηκε η πιο πρακτική και τέλεια, και γι’ αυτόν τον λόγο πέρασε τα σύνορα και έγινε παγκοσμίως γνωστή.
Το 1973, ο Mestre Bimba μετακόμισε στην Goiâna όπου πέθανε από καρδιακή προσβολή έναν χρόνο αργότερα.

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