Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte – Capoeira

Grão-Mestre Camisa

José Tadeu Carneiro Cardoso

Grão-Mestre Camisa nasceu em Jacobina, no interior do estado da Bahia, no nordeste do Brasil, de uma família de cinco capoeiristas, sendo o quarto a aprender Capoeira. Ele começou a praticar e estudar Capoeira com a idade de sete anos. Ele foi ensinado por seu irmão mais velho, Camisa Roxa, aluno do Mestre Bimba. Vários anos mais tarde Camisa mudou-se para Salvador para continuar sua educação e, ele mesmo, participar da Academia de Mestre Bimba.

No início dos anos 70, Grão-Mestre Camisa, junto com seu irmão, rodou todo o Brasil fazendo demonstrações numa equipe de dança folclórica, empresa Olodum Maré. A trupe permaneceu no Rio de Janeiro por três meses e depois partiu para uma turnê pela Europa. Mestre Camisa, porém, ficou no Rio e começou a ganhar a vida ensinando Capoeira.

No Rio de Janeiro, Camisa se dedicou a pesquisa da Capoeira, desenvolveu seu próprio método de ensino, seguindo os conceitos inovadores de Mestre Bimba.

Foi durante este primeiro período um pouco difícil, no Rio, que Mestre Camisa começou a considerar a necessidade de projetar uma estrutura formal para as aulas, a elaboração de um plano de aula básico. Ele queria criar um lugar onde poder estudar, ensinar e trocar técnicas de debate, discutir conceitos e definir rankings. Além do acima exposto, Mestre Camisa sentiu a necessidade de dar uma estrutura familiar para tantas pessoas que haviam deixado para trás as suas cidades e os seus amigos e familiares, e que se haviam mudado para o Rio para se dedicarem á Capoeira.

O último foi o principal impulso para a criação de uma nova organização que, em 1988, se tornou ABADÁ-Capoeira (Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte Capoeira – Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte da Capoeira).

Desde o início da década de 80, Mestre Camisa foi trabalhando sobre os ensinamentos de Mestre Bimba para desenvolver seu próprio estilo adicionando sua técnica única e sua metodologia. Isso melhorou o aspecto marcial da capoeira, e colocou Mestre Camisa como o mestre de Capoeira de liderança no mundo. Desde que ele não tem um corpo maciço, Mestre Camisa desenvolveu uma técnica para neutralizar o oponente com deslizamentos, quedas, rapidez e eficiência na aplicação dos movimentos, socos e chutes. Esta técnica permite-lhe enfrentar um grande adversário em igualdade de condições.

 

Hoje, ABADÁ-Capoeira, com mais de 40.000 membros em 42 paises no 5 continentes, é a maior associação de Ca

poeira no mundo. Mestre Camisa elevou duas mulheres para o posto de Mestranda. (Apenas 8 pessoas em ABADÁ manter esta posição.)

Mestre Camisa está constantemente pesquisando Capoeira e melhorando seu estilo. Ele ensina nos laboratórios e nos seminários e atende batizados tanto Brasil quanto em todo o mundo. Através da ABADÁ-Capoeira, Mestre Camisa está definindo uma nova linguagem contemporânea de Capoeira que procura respeitar e preservar as tradições e os fundamentos da Capoeira acompanhando a sua evolução em todo o mundo, e guardando ao mesmo tempo todos os seus aspectos: arte marcial, jogo lúdico, fonte de ritmos e canções, forma de arte espontânea, e mais ainda.

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José Tadeu Carneiro Cardoso

Mestre Camisa was born in the interior of the state of Bahia, in the northeast of Brazil. He first began practicing and studying Capoeira at the age of seven. He was taught by his older brother Camisa Roxa, a student of Mestre Bimba. Several years later Camisa moved to Salvador to continue his education and attended Mestre Bimba’s Academy himself.

In the early 70’s Mestre Camisa, along with his brother, were part of a yearlong tour of Brazil with the folkloric dance company Olodum Maré. The troupe stayed in Rio de Janeiro for three months and then departed for a tour of Europe. Mestre Camisa, however, remained in Rio and began earning his living by teaching Capoeira.

It was during this first, somewhat difficult, period in Rio that Mestre Camisa first began to consider the need to design a formal structure for classes, to draw up a basic lesson plan, to create a place to study and teach and to debate techniques, discuss concepts and define rankings. In addition to the above, Mestre Camisa felt the need to give a family-like structure to so many people who had left behind their cities and their friends and families and moved to Rio to dedicate themselves to Capoeira.

The latter was the main impetus for the creation of a new organization that would, in 1988, become ABADÁ-Capoeira (Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte-Capoeira – Brazilian Association for the Support and Development of the Art of Capoeira).

Since the beginning of the 80’s, Mestre Camisa had been drawing on Mestre Bimba’s teachings to develop his own style adding his unique technique and methodology that improved the martial aspect of Capoeira, and put Mestre Camisa as the leading Capoeira master in the world. Since he does not have a massive body, Mestre Camisa developed a technique to neutralize his opponent with slips, takedowns, speed and efficiency in the application of the moves, blows and kicks. This technique allows him to face a bigger opponent under equal conditions.

Today, ABADÁ-Capoeira, with over 40,000 members in 42 countries on 5 continents, is the largest Capoeira association in the world. Mestre Camisa has elevated two women to the rank of Mestranda. (Only 8 people in ABADÁ hold this rank.)

Mestre Camisa is constantly researching Capoeira and improving his style. He teaches workshops and seminars and attends batizados in Brazil and throughout the world. Through ABADÁ-Capoeira, Mestre Camisa is defining a new contemporary language of Capoeira that seeks to respect and preserve the traditions and foundations of Capoeira and to follow Capoeira’s evolution throughout the world while considering all the aspects of Capoeira: as a martial art, as a playful game, as a source of rhythms and songs and as a spontaneous art form and more.

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José Tadeu Carneiro Cardoso

Ο Mestre Camisa γεννήθηκε στο εσωτερικό της πολιτείας της Bahia, στα βορειοανατολικά της Βραζιλίας. Άρχισε να εξασκεί και να μελετά την Capoeira στην ηλικία των επτά. Διδάχθηκε από τον μεγαλύτερο αδερφό του, τον Camisa Roxa, μαθητή του Mestre Bimba. Αρκετά χρόνια αργότερα ο Camisa μετακόμισε το Σαλβαδόρ για να συνεχίσει τις σπουδές του και ο ίδιος έγινε μέλος της Ακαδημίας του Mestre Bimba.

Στις αρχές της δεκαετίας του ΄70, μαζί με τον αδερφό του, συμμετείχαν στο folklore χορευτικό γκρουπ Olodum Maré στην ετήσια περιοδεία τους στη Βραζιλία. Ο θίασος παρέμεινε στο Ρίο ντε Τζανέιρο για τρεις μήνες και έπειτα αναχώρησε για την Ευρώπη. Ο Mestre Camisa, ωστόσο, παρέμεινε στο Ρίο και ξεκίνησε να κερδίζει τα ως προς το ζην του διδάσκοντας Capoeira.

Ήταν κατά την πρώτη, κάπως δύσκολη, περίοδο στο Ρίο που ο Mestre Camisa άρχισε να σκέφτεται σοβαρά την ιδέα να σχεδιάσει μια τυπική δομή για τάξεις, ένα βασικό πλάνο μαθήματος, να δημιουργήσει έναν χώρο για μελέτη και διδασκαλία και την ανάγκη για συζήτηση των τεχνικών και των διαφόρων σκέψεων και για τον καθορισμό των βαθμίδων. Εκτός των παραπάνω, ο Mestre Camisa ένιωσε την ανάγκη να δώσει μια τύπου οικογενειακή δομή σε όλους αυτούς τους ανθρώπους που είχαν αφήσει πίσω τους τις πόλεις τους, τις οικογένειες τους, για να αφιερώσουν τους εαυτούς τους στην Capoeira.

Το τελευταίο ήταν η κύρια ώθηση για τη δημιουργία μιας νέας οργάνωσης η οποία θα γινόταν, το 1988, η ABADÁ-Capoeira (Associação Brasileira de Apoio e Desenvolvimento da Arte-Capoeira –Βραζιλιάνικη Ένωση για την Υποστήριξη και την Ανάπτυξη της Τέχνης της Capoeira).

Από τοις αρχές της δεκαετίας του ’80, ο Mestre Camisa σχεδίαζε πάνω στις τεχνικές του Mestre Bimba για να αναπτύξει το δικό του στυλ προσθέτοντας τη μοναδική τεχνική και μεθοδολογία του η οποία βελτίωσε την πολεμική τέχνη της Capoeira και τοποθέτησε τον Mestre Camisa ως ηγέτη της Capoeira στον κόσμο. Από τη στιγμή που δεν έχει μεγάλη μάζα το σώμα του, ο Mestre Camisa ανέπτυξε μία τεχνική για να εξουδετερώνει τον αντίπαλο με ξεγλιστρήματα, ταχύτητα και αποτελεσματικότητα στην εφαρμογή των κινήσεων, των επιθέσεων και των κλωτσιών. Αυτή η τεχνική του επιτρέπει να αντιμετωπίσει κάποιον πιο σωματώδη αντίπαλο υπό ίσες συνθήκες.

Σήμερα, η ABADÁ-Capoeira, με πάνω από 40.000 μέλη σε 42 χώρες σε πέντε ηπείρους, είναι ο μεγαλύτερος σύνδεσμος Capoeira στον κόσμο. Ο Mestre Camisa έχει ανεβάσει δύο γυναίκες στο επίπεδο Mestranda. (Μόνο 8 άνθρωποι στην ABADÁ έχουν αυτό το επίπεδο).

Ο Mestre Camisa μελετάει συνεχώς την Capoeira και βελτιώνει το στυλ του. Διδάσκει σε εργαστήρια και σεμινάρια και παρίσταται σε batizados στη Βραζιλία και σε ολόκληρο τον κόσμο. Μέσα από την ABADÁ-Capoeira, ο Mestre Camisa ορίζει τη νέα μοντέρνα γλώσσα της Capoeira η οποία ψάχνει τον σεβασμό και διατηρεί τις παραδόσεις και τα θεμέλια της Capoeira και ακολουθεί την εξέλιξη της ανά τον κόσμο ενώ ταυτόχρονα μελετά όλες τις πλευρές της Capoeira: σαν πολεμική τέχνη, σαν παιχνίδι, σαν πηγή ρυθμών και τραγουδιών και σαν αυθόρμητη μορφή τέχνης και περαιτέρω.

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